Draw or imagine a line running from negative infinity dollars to positive infinity dollars. Now draw a point somewhere in the middle of this line and label it “zero dollars” or “$0”. Now draw another point on this line, somewhere to the right of $0, and label it “X dollars” or “$X”.
Now apply the following labels:
A: everything to the left of, but not including, zero dollars.
B: everything between, but not including, zero dollars and X dollars.
C: everything to the right of and including X dollars.
So hopefully we now have something that looks like this:
Got it? Good. The line represents all possible wages that a boss might pay a worker per hour. Point $X is the minimum wage.
It is legal to pay a worker a wage that falls in section (erm… segment? ray? vector?) A. This is usually a college internship or some other form of training, where employees essentially pay to be allowed to work.
It is legal to pay a worker a wage of exactly zero dollars. This is volunteer work.
It is illegal to pay a worker a wage that falls in section B.
It is legal to pay a worker a wage of $X or greater, i.e., a wage that falls in section C.
Can anyone successfully explain to me why section B should be off limits?